The story of the battle of eighteen days between the Kauravas and the Pandavas on the battle¬field of Kurukshetra and the victory of the righteous was probably composed in the epic form not earlier than about 100 BC.The Ramayana traditionally ascribed to Valmiki whom Bhavabhuti and others call the ‘first kavi’, is considered to have been composed around the first century BC.
Sanskrit is perhaps the oldest language in the world to be recorded.After 1000 BC there developed an extensive prose literature devoted to ritual matters-the Brahamanas; but in these too there are examples of story-telling, terse and abrupt in style.The next milestone in the history of Sanskrit is the Grammar of Panini—the Ashtadhyayi.The oldest work of Indian literary criticism is Bharata’s Natya Shastra.Bhamaha (5th century AD) is the earliest individual critic whose work available; he sets out the genres as drama, epic, lyric, prose biography and (usually prose) novel besides discussing literary expression and what makes it beautiful.Importance of Sanskrit Language On September 16, 2013 By Vivek Murarka Category: Important India Sanskrit Language has been the most important medium in lending continuity to Indian civilization.
In its heyday it was spoken and used in all regions of India including the Dravidian south.
Dandin (7th century AD) adds to the genres campus or narration in mixed prose and verse, which became quite popular 1ater.
Vemana, Rudrata, Anandavardhana, Kuntaka, Udbhata, Lollata and Dhananjaya are just some well-known critics who have analyzed and enriched the world of literary concepts.
In the field of secular literature Sanskrit epic poetry (mahakavya) was the next most important development.
The story of the Mahabharata was handed down orally for at least a thousand years after the battle it celebrates before becoming relatively fixed in writing.
Dvaipayana or Vyasa is recorded first to have sung of this fearsome struggle of his own time.